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Understanding Services and Dependency Injection in Angular

Angular Jan 1, 2023
In this tutorial, we will explore the concept of services and dependency injection in Angular. We will learn what a service is and how to use it in an Angular application, as well as how to register the service with the dependency injection system and inject it into a component. By the end of this tutorial, you will have a solid understanding of how to use services and dependency injection to modularize your Angular code and improve its maintainability.

In Angular, a service is a class that provides a specific set of functionality that can be used throughout an application. Services can be injected into other Angular components, such as controllers or directives, using dependency injection.

Dependency injection is a design pattern that allows an object to receive its dependencies from an external source rather than creating them itself. This helps to make the code more modular, easier to test, and easier to maintain.

To use a service in an Angular application, you first need to define the service class and its functionality. Here is an example of a simple service class that returns a message:

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';

export class MessageService {
  getMessage() {
    return 'Hello from the Message Service';

Next, you need to register the service with the Angular dependency injection system. This is done in the module where the service will be used. Here is an example of how to register the MessageService in the app module:

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { MessageService } from './message.service';

  providers: [
export class AppModule { }

Once the service is registered, you can use dependency injection to inject it into any component that needs to use it. Here is an example of how to inject the MessageService into a component:

import { Component } from '@angular/core';
import { MessageService } from './message.service';

  selector: 'app-root',
  template: `
    <p>{{ message }}</p>
export class AppComponent {
  message: string;

  constructor(private messageService: MessageService) {
    this.message = messageService.getMessage();

In this example, the MessageService is injected into the AppComponent constructor as a private property. This allows the component to use the service's getMessage() method to retrieve the message and display it in the template.

Using services and dependency injection in Angular can help to make your code more modular, easier to test, and easier to maintain. By separating out specific functionality into separate services, you can reuse that functionality across different parts of your application and easily inject it wherever it is needed.


Anurag Deep

Logical by Mind, Creative by Heart